Rabies Control Department

251 N. Bayou Street
P.O. Box 2867
Mobile, Alabama 36652-2867
Office: (251) 690-8970 or (251) 690-8175
Fax: (251) 690-8953

Check the News Releases section for rabies vaccination clinics dates/times in your area.

The Mobile County Rabies Control Program is responsible for managing the animal bite investigation and quarantine program for Mobile County. The City and County Animal Control Offices are responsible for stray animal complaints.

Please contact the following for more information regarding stray animals:

  • City Animal Control: (251) 208-2800
  • County Animal Control: (251) 574-3230

Public Health Laws of Alabama

Title 3, Chapter 7 A requires that dogs, cats and ferrets be vaccinated against the rabies virus, every year, by a licensed veterinarian. In the event that a human is bitten or scratched by a dog or cat, vaccinated or not, the offending animal must be quarantined during an observation period of ten days. This ensures that the animal has not contracted the virus and exposed the human.

Animal Bite Reports

All animal bites involving physician care or law enforcement investigation are reported to the Mobile County Health Department. Victims or offending animal owners may also report animal bites and scratches. Once a report is generated the Health Department is responsible for investigating the situation.

Wild/Exotic Animal Bites

If a human is exposed to a wild animal or exotic animal bite, the quarantine process may not be sufficient to determine the exposure to rabies. In these situations, the offending animal may be resistant to the rabies virus or harbor the virus longer than the designated quarantine time for domestic dogs and cats. Generally, animals have to be sacrificed for laboratory testing since the virus can only be detected within the brain stem. If the animal is not sacrificed, the Health Department recommends that these victims consult their physician regarding post-bite rabies treatment.

Quick Tips and Facts About Rabies

  • Be Cautious with Stray or Wild Animals!
  • Avoid direct contact -- even if the animal is dead.
  • Don't keep food, including pet food, outside... it attracts wild animals.
  • Do not feed wild animals.
  • Beware of ALL wild animals (friendly, sick, or abnormal) -- Animals may have rabies virus even if they don't show signs.

Physical Signs of Animals With Rabies

  • Changes in behavior- easily confused with minor illnesses.
  • May stop eating or drinking.
  • Minor nervous disorders will progress to severe paralysis or furious form with excessive salivation -- "Mad Dog" syndrome.
  • Animal will die within 10 days of showing symptoms.

Physical Signs of Humans with Rabies

  • Humans may exhibit same signs as animals with rabies.
  • Once symptomatic, humans cannot be treated.

Safety Tips Against the Spread of Rabies

  • Vaccinate pets annually.
  • Be cautious of your pet if it has been in contact with a wild animal.
  • Consider unprovoked attacks a high risk.
  • Seek medical attention immediately if bitten or scratched by any animal.
  • Take animal to veterinarian for quarantine if it has been involved in a bite.
  • Avoid bare hand contact when removing dead or injured animals.

Contact the Health Department or Animal Control for more information.

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